Copyright 2016 by Richard O. Aichele & Information Works Inc., Saratoga Springs, NY


wrap text around imageThe articles published in this WEB Archive are part of a larger collection of articles written by Richard O. Aichele (aka Dick Aichele) over the past forty years for various publications. Some were also self-published.

A strong interest in history has always been the common foundation in exploring different areas of interest. The articles in this Archive are examples of interests in the technologies and history of the railroads, ships of all types from small river ferries to large ocean liners, water power from small mills of years ago to modern hydro turbines, visual arts including photography and major historical events such as World War 1 (1914-1918) from the perspective of the people that fought in it.

"Learn from Yesterday's Lessons to Build a Better Tomorrow."




Spring Waters - Therapeutic & Health Concepts

Hot springs and mineral springs have been known for over 1,000 years as a potential source of healthy benefits. The locations of North American “mineral waters” and their therapeutic health benefits had been also well known and used by Native Americans who later introduced the new European settlers to the waters such as in upstate New York.



Saratoga Mineral Springs

Saratoga Springs, New York are long famous. Article describes mineral producing geology of the area, the Saratoga Spa State Park's many springs, the rediscovery of the famous Champion 2 Spring, the Vale of Springs, High Rock Spring and nearby Ballston Spa. .





SHIPS -The Ships At Sea

From the elegant early 1900s ocean liners to the Liberty Ships of World War 2 the story is on-going. Ships such as the Titanic, America, Queen Mary and hundreds of others carried business and pleasure travellers and in the late 1800s and early 1900s provided the immigrants pathway to the United States.


NEW PHOTO ALBUM - Inland Vessels

A new feature that will grow are photo albums that will compliment the articles.


SHIPS - Vessels on America's Inland Waters

The vessels that never went to sea but sailed and still sail on inland rivers, lakes and with seaports are the story of America. Included are the Mississippei River, overnight river boats on inland lakes and rivers such as the Hudson River.


SHIPS - A Marine Engineering Shipyard Success

Marine engineering is a complex field and it is vital during shipyard work that every detail is completed correctly. Refurbishment of the cruise ship Grand Princess was a unusually large job carefully engineered and carried out.


SHIPS - Propulsion Pods Optimizing Ship Hydrodynamics Performance

The technical innovations of propulsion pods has changed the design of ship hulls and the performance capabilities of vessels


SHIPS - Optimizing Big Ship Trim

For mariners, maintaining the proper trim of ships that varies throughout the voyage has become more precise due to new technologies.





TRAINS - America's Railroad Heritage

The railroads connect the nation and their evolution from steam to diesel and electric lomotives, the streamliner first class passengers trains, and the local trains that reached thousands of towns and cities created great memories for everyone.


The Railroad Era

The Infrastructure That Made Railroads Work


Pennsylvania Railroad New York Waiting Room

Pennsylvania Railroad Station New York City

Pennsylvania Railroad New York Station Concourse


Lackawanna RR Scranton PA Lackawanna Scranton PA Lackawanna Oxford NJ

Lackawanna RR Scranton PA


Lackawanna RR Scranton PA

Lackawanna RR Oxford NJ


Union Station Chicago Union Station Chicago Union Station Chicago

Union Station Chicago

Union Station Chicago

Union Station Chicago



TRAINS - The Railroad Steam Era

Steam powered railroad locomotives for a century and they evolved with excellent technical designs and often unique appearances. Their supporting infrastructure was based on roundhouses for maintenance. .

TRAINS - The Steam Era Ends On The Bundesbahn

German railroads steam locomotive power ended in the early 1980s. Here is a look at their steam power in 1972. The steam era still lives there - see two great steam locomotives with a main line steam fan trip.


TRAINS - The Hudson River Railroad Tunnels

Building the Tunnels under the Hudson River between New Jersey and New York is the story of innovations, dedication, failures and finally total success. The passenger trains first operated in the late 1800s and have operated continuously since with only few short out of service periods.





The Great War (1914-1918) On Land

The battles on the Western Front and the Dardenelles Campaign based on documents and memories of the soldiers' on both sides who fought the battles. The article is about the men that founght and not about the grand strategies that sent them there. Illustrated with photos and maps.


Missing In Action

(1914-1918) Millions of men were sent to the Western Front battlefields and of them hundreds of thousands of soldiers disappeared in the explosions and mud. This is a tribute to those soldiers from all nations who fought there.


The Great War At Sea

(1914-1918) Naval actions spanned the globe from the Atlantic the Mediterranean to the Pacific and across the northern and southern hemispheres. This illustrated article is based on documents and memories of the sailor's on both sides who fought the battles.


A World War 1 Veteran Visits The Western Front 50 Years Later

Returning after 50 years brought back many memories of the daily life and death at the front lines. The battlefields in France and Belgium contain many old forts, trenches, graveyards and monuments such as the Trench of the Bayonets.





RUST Environmental Protection Study

The RUST (Resources and Under Sea Threats) program, established by NOAA, is a comprehensive effort to identify the more than 7,000 sunken vessels and their cargoes in U.S. coastal and inland waters. The sunken vessels may contain 1.3 billion gallons of fuel oil and goals ares to determine the environmental risks of leakage and measures to prevent incidents.



Increased use of low profile hydro power described. Former coal fired electric plant converted to hydro power infrastructure with new turbine designs designed to reduce impacts on the migratory fish. Expansion of Apples's hydro power program.


Increasing Fuel Cell Efficiencies

Fuel Cells new catalyst uses cheaper metals such as nickel and iron that can split hydrogen as fast as two molecules per second with an efficiency approaching those of commercial catalysts.



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