Copyright 2018 by Richard O. Aichele & Information Works Inc.,

Information Works Inc., P.O. Box 4725, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866 USA


wrap text around imageThe articles published in this WEB Archive are part of a larger collection of articles written by Richard O. Aichele (aka Dick Aichele) over the past forty years for various publications. Some were also self-published.

A strong interest in history has always been the common foundation in exploring different areas of interest. The articles in this Archive are examples of interests in the technologies and history of the railroads, ships of all types from small river ferries to large ocean liners, water power from small mills of years ago to modern hydro turbines, visual arts including photography and major historical events such as World War 1 (1914-1918) from the perspective of the people that fought in it.

"Learn from Yesterday's Lessons to Build a Better Tomorrow."


Cllick Links Below to Access Articles





RAILROADS - America's Railroad Heritage

wrap text around imageThe railroads connect the nation and their evolution from steam to diesel and electric lomotives, the streamliner first class passengers trains, and the local trains that reached thousands of towns and cities created great memories for everyone.


RAILROADS - America's Railroad Steam Era

wrap text around imageSteam powered railroad locomotives for over a century evolved with excellent technical designs and often unique appearances. Their supporting infrastructure was based on roundhouses for maintenance. .

RAILROADS - Farewell to Steam on the German railroads

wrap text around imageGerman railroad steam locomotive power ended in the early 1980s. Here is a look at their steam power in 1972. The steam era still lives there - see two great steam locomotives with a main line steam fan trip.


RAILROADS - The Hudson River Railroad Tunnels

wrap text around image Building the Tunnels under the Hudson River between New Jersey and New York is the story of innovations, dedication, failures and finally total success. The passenger trains first operated in the late 1800s and have operated continuously since with only few short out of service periods.


Infrastructure Made American Passenger Railroads Efficient


Pennsylvania Railroad New York Waiting Room

Pennsylvania Railroad Station New York City

Pennsylvania Railroad New York Station Concourse


Lackawanna RR Scranton PA Lackawanna Scranton PA Lackawanna Oxford NJ

Lackawanna RR Scranton PA


Lackawanna RR Scranton PA

Lackawanna RR Oxford NJ




SHIPS -The Ships At Sea

wrap text around imageFrom the elegant early 1900s ocean liners to the Liberty Ships of World War 2 the story is on-going. Ships such as the Titanic, America, Queen Mary and hundreds of others carried business and pleasure travellers and in the late 1800s and early 1900s provided the immigrants pathway to the United States.

SHIPS - Vessels on America's Inland Waters

wrap text around imageThe vessels that never went to sea but sailed and still sail on inland rivers, lakes and with seaports are the story of America. Included are the Mississippi River, overnight river boats on inland lakes and rivers such as the Hudson River.


SHIPS - A Marine Engineering Shipyard Success

wrap text around imageMarine engineering is a complex field and it is vital during shipyard work that every detail is completed correctly. Refurbishment of the cruise ship Grand Princess was a unusually large job carefully engineered and carried out.


SHIPS - Propulsion Pods Optimize Ship Hydrodynamics Performance

wrap text around imageThe technical innovations of propulsion pods replaces rudders, allowing better ship hull designs and the performance capabilities of vessels


SHIPS - Optimizing Big Ship Trim

For mariners, maintaining the proper trim of ships that varies throughout the voyage has become more precise due to new technologies.




The Great War (1914-1918) On Land

wrap text around imageThe battles on the Western Front and the Dardenelles Campaign based on documents and memories of the soldiers' on both sides who fought the battles. The article is about the men that founght and not about the grand strategies that sent them there. Illustrated with photos and maps.


The Great War At Sea

wrap text around image(1914-1918) Naval actions spanned the globe from the Atlantic the Mediterranean to the Pacific and across the northern and southern hemispheres. This illustrated article is based on documents and memories of the sailor's on both sides who fought the battles.


A World War 1 Veteran Returns To The Western Front

wrap text around imageReturning after 50 years brought back many memories of the daily life and death at the front lines. The old battlefields in France and Belgium contain many old forts, trenches, graveyards, monuments and some areas of still barren ground.


Missing In Action

(1914-1918) Millions of men were sent to the Western Front battlefields and of them hundreds of thousands of soldiers disappeared in the explosions and mud. This is a tribute to those soldiers from all nations who fought there and still remain there.




ET Life Out There

wrap text around imageExtraterrestrial Intelligent Civilizations (ET) has been speculated about since the beginning of man on the earth. It is now believed that just within the Milky Way that includes our Earth there are more than 100 billion stars that could contain forms of life.




RUST Environmental Protection Study

wrap text around imageThe RUST (Resources and Under Sea Threats) program, established by NOAA, is a comprehensive effort to identify the more than 7,000 sunken vessels and their cargoes in U.S. coastal and inland waters. The sunken vessels may contain 1.3 billion gallons of fuel oil and goals ares to determine the environmental risks of leakage and measures to prevent incidents.


Hydro and Tidal power

wrap text around imageIncreased use of low profile hydro power described. Former coal fired electric plant converted to hydro power infrastructure with new turbine designs designed to reduce impacts on the migratory fish. Expansion of Apples's hydro power program.


Increasing Fuel Cell Efficiencies

Fuel Cells new catalyst uses cheaper metals such as nickel and iron that can split hydrogen as fast as two molecules per second with an efficiency approaching those of commercial catalysts.




Enjoy The Spas - Therapeutic & Health Concepts

wrap text around imageHot springs and mineral springs have been known for over 1,000 years as a potential source of healthy benefits. The locations of North American "mineral waters" and their therapeutic health benefits had been also well known and used by Native Americans who later introduced the new European settlers to the waters and remained popular until the 1960s. Good mineral waters and spas can still be enjoyed


Saratoga NY Mineral Water Springs

wrap text around imageThe waters of Saratoga Springs, New York have long been famous. This article describes the mineral producing geology of the area, the Saratoga Spa State Park's many mineral water fountains, the rediscovery of the famous Champion 2 Spring, the Vale of Springs, the downtown High Rock Spring and nearby Ballston Spa, New York.


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